Kaklik Cave

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kaklik-cave-3Kaklik Cave is one of the lesser known places among visitors in Denizli region. Kaklik Cave is usually referred as the Underground Pamukkale and it’s easy to understand why. Kaklik Cave has the same travertine structure as Pamukkale. The difference, however, it’s smaller in size and it’s inside a cave. The cave came to light after the collapse of its roof. After opening to tourists in 2002, Kaklik Cave started to earn visitor traction.

The water that comes out in the cave contains sulphur and high amount of sodium bicarbonate. This water is used for health purposes as well as agricultural irrigation in the area. Because the water contains sulphur, there’s a smell in the cave which explains the name that locals gave for this location, Kokarhamam Pinari (which can be translated as Smelling Bath Foundation).

Kaklik Cave is 65 meters long in northwest-southeast direction and 40 meters long in northeast-southwest direction. The entrance, which is shaped as a circle is 13 to 11 meters wide. The deepest point of the cave is 14 meters from the entrance point and the total length of the cave is about 190 meters.

Kaklik Cave is definitely a good alternative destination to visit while you are in Denizli.

Location

Kaklik Cave is located in Kaklik town in Honaz county of Denizli. It’s approximately 30 km away from Denizli and 45 km away from Pamukkale.

Hierapolis Ancient Theater

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hierapolis-ancient-theater-1The Antique Theater in Hierapolis is a well preserved structure that was built in 206 A.C. The structure is influenced by Greek Theaters and was built on a hill slope. The construction began in A.C. 62, after a big earthquake and it was completed in 206 A.C., so it took about 144 years to get it built. The structure can hold up to 12.000 people.

If you visit Hierapolis and Pamukkale, don’t leave without visiting this 1800 year old theater. Although might find other Roman theaters in Turkey, this one is one of the best preserved theaters along with the ones in Ephesus and Bodrum. After the restoration that took place in 2013, the ancient theater started to host events like festivals and concerts.

Pamukkale Travertine Terraces

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pamukkale-pools-1Pamukkale travertine terraces is one of the top tourist attractions in Turkey. Every year over 1.5 million tourists visit this paradise. It is often referred as the 8th Wonder of World and once you get to Pamukkale, you will understand the reason behind that. It is a spectacular sight that looks made out of snow or cotton. The literal meaning of Pamukkale in Turkish is “Cotton Castle”. Pamukkale terraces is right next to ancient Roman city Hierapolis and it used to be health center in ancient times. It is still visited for both travel and health purposes.

Formation

Pamukkale travertine terraces are formed by the hot water that comes from its foundation that is 320 metres away from terraces. After the water leaves thermal springs, it is carried it by a 320 meter long canal to Pamukkale terraces and the water falls into terraces and forms the travertines. This water comes out at 35.6°C and highly contains calcium carbonate. This formation, initially, is very soft and it can be damaged so easily. Over time, the formation gets stronger and forms the travertine terraces as we see today. That’s why today, tourists won’t be allowed to go down parts of Pamukkale because walking on them will be damaging the formation and whiteness of terraces.

World Heritage Site

unesco-world-heritage-site-logoUnesco declared Pamukkale and Hierapolis as a World Heritage Site in 1988. Since there’s only one Pamukkale in the world, it’s important to protect such a nature wonder. Couple of decades, it was allowed to go into terraced pools of Pamukkale. However, walking on damaged the formation and whiteness of travertines. That being said, there are pools at the top of Pamukkale terraces and it’s allowed to swim and relax in them. You can also swim in Antique Pool which is 5 minute walking from travertines.

Location

Pamukkale is located in southwestern Turkey and it’s in Denizli region. It’s just 20 km away from Denizli City Center. You can use buses from many cities and tourist attractions to get to to Pamukkale. Train option is available if you are coming from Izmir, Selcuk or Adnan  Menderes Airport. You can also fly to Denizli from Istanbul, via Denizli Cardak Airport. You can find detailed information here.

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